Project Scale Up (2015-2025): $100 M 10 M specimens + 1K Sites analyzed
Will provide the means to produce a comprehensive picture of multi-cellular biodiversity on a global scale.Post on Social Media
We share earth with at least 10 million species of multicellular organisms, a legacy of life now at risk because of global change. Morphological study has documented nearly two million of these species, but this has required more than 200 years. The Planetary Biodiversity Mission will speed completion, registering all multicellular species before the midst of this century by employing sequence variation in short gene regions for their discrimination. Because this approach draws strength from two evolving technologies, DNA sequencing and computational capacity, it will deliver an ever-accelerating capacity to know life. Aside from automating specimen identification and species discovery, DNA-based analysis will allow planetary biosurveillance in near real-time. These activities will be coupled with the genesis of an indexed repository of DNA extracts, a library of life available for genomic analysis. Registering species, reading biodiversity, curating genomes; these are the goals of the Planetary Biodiversity Mission. It's a one-time opportunity that will revolutionize understanding of life.
Cutting edge sequencing and liquid handling instrumentation allows for the processing of millions of samples a year.
Support for the storage and analysis of large data and sequence analysis, transformations, and visualizations.
Employs high-throughput methods to gather DNA barcodes from vast numbers of specimens with various levels of DNA preservation.
Carrying out field collection, sample preparation, and long term storage of all specimens destined for genomic analysis.
Organizations in PBM either participate in development, data collection and management or partner on data dissemination, fundraising and policy advancement.
The International Barcode of Life project (iBOL), the largest biodiversity genomics initiative ever undertaken, is unlocking the door to that world by creating a digital identification system for life and involves more than 1000 researchers in more than 25 countries.
Its first five-year phase, initiated in 2010, received more than $100 million in support and delivered barcode records for 500,000 species. iBOL Phase II will extend barcode coverage to 1.5 million species by 2025.
One of the world’s most important tropical sites for conservation biology on a landscape and society-wide scale, the ACG served as an early test bed for the effectiveness of DNA barcoding in hyperdiverse tropical ecosystems, directing more than $10 million towards this purpose by 2016. It is planning to intensify efforts over the next decade, with sights on national-level barcoding as a technical action firmly coupled with the use of barcodes across all sectors as non-damaging biodevelopment for conservation through bioliteracy and other forms of integration with society.
The Centre for Biodiversity Genomics (CBG) is the global leader in the field of DNA barcoding. Its unique research capacity reflects the coupling of one of Canada's largest genomics platforms with a workforce that includes world-class expertise in biodiversity science, DNA sequencing, and informatics. The Canada First Research Excellence Fund and the Ontario Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science have provided $25 million from 2016 through 2024 to extend the DNA barcode reference library and to enhance the capabilities of key informatics platforms.
Senckenberg is a Research Institute and Natural History Museum in Frankfurt. It houses Germany's largest natural history collections with more than 38 million objects - an invaluable basis for biodiversity research in all its facets.
The State of Hessen has awarded the Senckenberg Institute with 35.2 Million Euros to establish LOEWE-Zentrum für Translationale Biodiversitätsgenomik (LOEWE-TBG) - loosely translated as the Translational Biodiversity Genomics Excellence Center. The Center will open in 2018. Its work will focus on the sequence characterization of little-studied organisms in plants, animals, and fungi.
The $10 million Terrestrial Biosurveillance Program (TBP) is mapping the distributions of arthropods in ecoregions around the planet. Three million specimens have currently been analyzed from 100 sites, providing records for 120,000 species. More than a thousand sites spanning 150 ecoregions will be analyzed by 2025, leading to the sequence characterization of at least 30 million specimens. This project is the forerunner for a global biosurveillance system that will comprehensively monitor biodiversity trends in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial environments.
The Leibniz-Institute for Animal Biodiversity is an independent research institute with integrated natural history museum (Museum Koenig), funded by the federal government and German states. The institute has established a Center for Molecular Biodiversity Research which is leading Europe's largest DNA-Barcoding initiative. This Center is currently building a 43 million € new research facility on the campus of the University Bonn, with modern laboratories for barcoding, metabarcoding and biodiversity genomics. The center contributes - in close cooperation with taxonomists - to species discovery and description, biodiversity assessments in environmental samples and the evolution of genomic biodiversity.
The Planetary Biodiversity Mission will be carried out by the international research community, with each nation making varying levels of investment. This community was loosely formed in 2005 and has met every two years since with formalization of an alliance under the iBOL project.